a cura della Presidente Nazionale Pia Petrucci
In data odierna 27 luglio 2017, riceviamo la risposta in allegato alla nostra mozione del 17 Maggio 2017
On behalf of Mr Henrik Nielsen, Head of the Asylum Unit Secretariat of the Unit C.3 - Asylum - European Commission DG HOME Unit C3: Asylum
Dear Ms Petrucci,
Thank you for your letter of 17 May addressed to President Juncker on the challenges that the European Union faces in better managing migration, and in particular
the challenges that women face in this particular context. The President has asked me to reply to you personally.
It is clear that no EU country can or should be left alone to address huge migratory pressures. The European Commission's agenda on migration sets out a European
response, combining internal and external policies, making best use of EU agencies and tools, and involving all actors: EU Member States and Institutions, international
organisations, civil society, local authorities and international partners outside the EU. The European Union is working towards a sustainable and coherent approach to migrant protection, return, and reintegration, as well as the concrete implementation of recent global and EU policy priorities. Protecting those in need of international protection, and in particular vulnerable migrant women and children, is a central priority for the EU and the Commission steadfastly supports our Member States' efforts through training, guidance, operational support and funding.
In particular, to achieve the important objective of shaping an integrated, sustainable and holistic EU migration policy, the Commission has proposed to revise the current EU asylum legislation to better manage migration flows and offer adequate protection to those in need, in line with the approach set out in the European Agenda on Migration.
To this end, the Commission presented a first set of proposals on 4th May 2016, to reform the Dublin Regulation and create a fully-fledged European Union Agency for Asylum with expanded tasks and resources. Furthermore, and in order to comprehensively reform the Common European Asylum System, a second set of proposals was presented in July 2016 to replace the Qualification Directive with a Regulation, replace the Asylum Procedures Directive with a Regulation and revise the Reception Conditions Directive ensuring dignified and harmonized reception conditions throughout the Union.
In these legislative instruments the Commission has proposed to strengthen the provisions for vulnerable asylum applicants, including vulnerable women and girls.
This involves more ambitious provisions for assessing vulnerability and an obligation for Member States to take into account the specific needs of female applicants who have experienced gender-based violence. The strengthened provisions also aim to ensure that asylum applicants have access to medical care, legal support, appropriate trauma counselling and psycho-social care. The proposal for the new Asylum Procedures Regulation advocates gender-sensitive procedures for granting international protection.
Women for instance should be given an effective opportunity to have a private interview, separate from their spouse or other family members. Where possible, they should be assisted by female interpreters and female medical practitioners, especially if they may have been a victim of gender-based violence. While improving the living conditions of asylum seekers and refugees in Europe, the Commission is also working together with Member States on establishing more safe and legal pathways to Europe in order to replace dangerous and irregular smuggling routes. More than 16,400 people in need of international protection have already been resettled to the European Union since July 2015 and the EU is well on track to reach its commitment of 22,504 by September 2017.
Beyond that, the European Commission has presented a proposal for an EU Resettlement Framework with the aim of establishing a common European policy on resettlement in the form of a permanent framework with a unified procedure for resettlement across the European Union.
Furthermore, the Commission has decided to launch infringement procedures against those Member States which, in breach of their legal obligations stemming from
the Council Decisions and their commitments to Greece, Italy and other Member States, have not yet pledged to relocate a single person under Council relocation decisions of September 2015.
The EU is also fully committed, through its external action policies, to provide humanitarian assistance and long-term support to refugees and internally displaced
people all over the world. To this end, it works closely with the UN Fligh Commissioner for Refugees and other international partners to contribute to the development of the UN Global compact on Refugees. Furthermore, in 2016, the EU has also launched a Partnership Framework with five priority countries in Africa to combat migrant
smuggling and trafficking and provide assistance to migrants in countries of origin or transit. A total of 42 new programmes worth €587 million were agreed in December
2016 under the EU Trust Fund for Africa, bringing the total number of adopted projects to 106, worth over €1.5 billion.
I hope the above information on the Commission's ongoing efforts to develop a more humane, fair and efficient European asylum policy responds to your concerns.
The priority set by President Juncker that 'Europe needs to manage migration better, in all aspects' is valid now more than ever.